Rick interviews Brandi Huerta who leads our theology department for our Mastermind Training Program. Brandi is a graduate from our school, and is passionate about theology. The Lord has given her a mind to swim the deep waters of theology, as well as communicate it clearly to others. She also writes and counsels for our ministry.
You may want to read:
Listen to this sermon from Fellowship Greenville, SC on “Our Ongoing Struggles With Sin”
My Condition, His Work
Justification and Sanctification Compared
Justification and Sanctification Illustrated
Ordo Salutis – (Order of Salvation) our salvation is a multi-faceted process, rather than a one-time event (Romans 8:28-29). Some of the elements of the ordo must precede others (more logical than chronological, seeing as words like “before” and “after” don’t make sense when you consider they happened “before” there was time)
Regeneration – the new birth, or being “born again”; this is an act of God (John 3:3, Titus 3:5)
Justification – God’s declaration that a sinner is legally righteous before Him.
Sanctification – the setting apart of a believer unto holiness
Definitive Sanctification – (1 Corinthians 6:11) In one sense, the believer is already wholly sanctified (made holy) by our union with Christ. When the Father looks at us, He sees the merit of His Son, who is entirely sanctified.
Progressive Sanctification – the process of becoming more holy in the Christian life, of becoming what we already are.
Union With Christ – In some sense, the Father sees us as being united with Christ: Galatians 2:20 says we are crucified with Christ; Ephesians 1 has all of these fabulous “in Christ” statements about our being chosen, blessed, seated in the heavenly places, etc. What is true of Him in His humanity, such as perfect obedience, is credited to us by our union with Him.
Already, Not Yet – The Bible teaches that many things are true now, in an authentic sense, but not entirely realized; our salvation and renewal has already been accomplished in Christ, for instance, but will be consummated at His return, so in that sense, it is not yet. Satan is defeated already and not yet.
Concurrence – There are things in the Bible that are seen as being primarily caused by God, and secondarily caused by humans, such as the writing of Scripture (2 Peter 1:21, 2 Timothy 3:16), and our sanctification (Philippians 2:12-13). Both/and, not either/or.
Active Obedience – This term actually has two distinct meanings: (1) The acts Christ performed in His earthly life to “fulfill all righteousness” (Matthew 3:15) on our behalf, and (2) the works a believer does out of gratitude to the Lord for all He has done.
Passive Obedience – This has two meanings as well: (1) Jesus’s submission to the Father in going to the cross and dying for the sins of the Elect (“passive” because He didn’t do this, but allowed it to be done to Him, out of obedience), and (2) the righteousness of Christ is credited to the believer so that the Father sees him or her just as if they had always obeyed Him, even though they have not; some Christians mistakenly believe that, because of this, they do not have to actively obey Christ.
Working Out Your Salvation – The believer has the responsibility to fight against sin in this lifetime. We understand that God provides the power we need to fight, but we are not passive in this process.
Repentance – The process of turning from sin and turning to Christ; Martin Luther rightly said that the Christian life is a life of repentance.
Legalism – The belief that we earn God’s favor with our obedience.
Antinomianism – (anti=against, nomos=law) The belief that, since we are entirely forgiven and counted righteous in Christ, we don’t have any responsibility to obey God in this life. He will make us progressively holy apart from anything we may do or not do.